Eve Arnold (b. 1912, Philadelphia) took her first photographs with a Rolleicord, a two-lens medium format SLR camera. When she discovered her passion for photography, she dropped out of medical school.
In 1948, Eve Arnold married industrial designer Arnold Arnold and enrolled in the New School for Social Research in New York. In 1950, her reportage on fashion shows in Harlem was published in the Picture Post. A year later she began her first collaboration with the Photo Magnum agency, where she was accepted as one of the first full female members in 1957 - along with Inge Morath. She subsequently photographed social reports and Hollywood stars.
In 1961 Arnold received an invitation from Malcom X to accompany him photographically on his Civil Rights Tour. Shortly thereafter, she moved to London with her son and began working on photojournalism for The Sunday Times.
From the mid-1960s, she produced numerous travel reports for Life, Esquire, Harper's Bazaar, Geo, Stern and the Sunday Times color supplement, among others. In 1971/1972, she made her first and only film, "Women Behind the Veil," about Arab ham-mams and harems.
Arnold published 14 books. Eve Arnold had her first solo exhibition "In China" at the Brooklin Museum in 1980. That same year, she received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Society of Magazine Photographers, which was followed by numerous honors. Eve Arnold died in London in 2012 at the age of 99.